# Solution For Minimum Number Of Frogs Croaking

The Minimum Number of Frogs Croaking problem on LeetCode is a medium-level problem that involves string manipulation. The problem statement is as follows:

You have a string s that represents a sequence of frogs croaking. Each ‘croak’ of a frog is represented by a character in the string. The four characters are ‘c’, ‘r’, ‘o’, and ‘a’. You need to determine the minimum number of frogs that are needed to complete the sequence. A valid sequence is one where the frogs croak in the order ‘croak’. In other words, for a valid sequence, the first ‘c’ must be followed by an ‘r’, then an ‘o’, and finally an ‘a’. Once a frog has croaked ‘a’, it is considered done and can no longer contribute to the sequence.

To solve this problem, we can use a hashmap to keep track of the number of frogs that are currently croaking and a variable to keep track of the maximum number of frogs that have been croaking at the same time. We iterate through the string s and for each character we check if it is a valid frog character. If it is, we update the hashmap accordingly. If at any point the sequence is not valid, we return -1. Finally, we return the maximum number of frogs that have been croaking at the same time.

Here is an implementation of the solution in Python:

`def minNumberOfFrogs(croakOfFrogs: str) -> int: count = {"c": 0, "r": 0, "o": 0, "a": 0} max_count = 0 for c in croakOfFrogs: if c not in count: return -1 if c == "c": count["c"] += 1 elif c == "r": if count["c"] <= count["r"]: return -1 count["r"] += 1 elif c == "o": if count["r"] <= count["o"]: return -1 count["o"] += 1 elif c == "a": if count["o"] <= count["a"]: return -1 count["a"] += 1 count["c"] -= 1 count["r"] -= 1 count["o"] -= 1 max_count = max(max_count, count["c"]) if sum(count.values()) > 0: return -1 return max_count`

The time complexity of this solution is O(n), where n is the length of the string s. This is because we only iterate through the string once and perform constant time operations for each character. The space complexity is also O(1), as the size of the hashmap is constant and independent of the length of the string.

## Step by Step Implementation For Minimum Number Of Frogs Croaking

```class Solution {
public int minNumberOfFrogs(String croakOfFrogs) {
// keep track of the number of frogs croaking at each stage
int c = 0, r = 0, o = 0, a = 0, k = 0;
int frogs = 0;
int maxFrogs = 0;

for (char ch : croakOfFrogs.toCharArray()) {
switch (ch) {
case 'c':
c++;
break;
case 'r':
if (c == 0) return -1;
c--;
r++;
break;
case 'o':
if (r == 0) return -1;
r--;
o++;
break;
case 'a':
if (o == 0) return -1;
o--;
a++;
break;
case 'k':
if (a == 0) return -1;
a--;
k++;
break;
default:
return -1;
}

// if this is the start of a new frog croaking, increment frogs
if (c == 1 && r == 0 && o == 0 && a == 0 && k == 0) {
frogs++;
}
// if this is the end of a frog croaking, decrement frogs
if (c == 0 && r == 0 && o == 0 && a == 0 && k == 1) {
frogs--;
}

// keep track of the maximum number of frogs croaking at the same time
maxFrogs = Math.max(maxFrogs, frogs);
}

// if any frogs are still croaking, return -1
if (c != 0 || r != 0 || o != 0 || a != 0 || k != 0) return -1;

return maxFrogs;
}
}```
```class Solution:
def minNumberOfFrogs(self, croakOfFrogs: str) -> int:
# keep track of the number of frogs croaking at each stage
# also keep track of the number of frogs needed overall
frogs_croaking =  * 5
num_frogs = 0
# iterate through the croaking sequence
for frog in croakOfFrogs:
# if the frog is croaking, increase the number of frogs at that stage
if frog == 'c':
frogs_croaking += 1
elif frog == 'r':
frogs_croaking += 1
elif frog == 'o':
frogs_croaking += 1
elif frog == 'a':
frogs_croaking += 1
elif frog == 'k':
frogs_croaking += 1
# if there are more frogs croaking at a stage than there are at the previous stage,
# we need to add more frogs
if frogs_croaking < frogs_croaking:
num_frogs += frogs_croaking - frogs_croaking
# if there are less frogs croaking at a stage than there are at the previous stage,
# then there are not enough frogs and we return -1
elif frogs_croaking > frogs_croaking:
return -1
# if the frog is at the last stage, we decrease the number of frogs croaking at that stage
if frog == 'k':
frogs_croaking -= 1
frogs_croaking -= 1
frogs_croaking -= 1
frogs_croaking -= 1
frogs_croaking -= 1
# if the number of frogs croaking at the first stage is not 0, then there are not enough frogs
if frogs_croaking != 0:
return -1
# return the number of frogs needed overall
return num_frogs```
```var minNumberOfFrogs = function(croakOfFrogs) {
// keep track of the number of frogs croaking at each stage
// c: croaks, r: rests, o: starts croaking, a: croaks, k: ends croaking
// we need at least one frog at each stage
let frogs = { c: 0, r: 0, o: 0, a: 0, k: 0 };

// keep track of the total number of frogs
let totalFrogs = 0;

// iterate through the croakOfFrogs string
for (let i = 0; i < croakOfFrogs.length; i++) {
// current frog croaking
let frog = croakOfFrogs[i];

// if the current frog is croaking 'c', then there is no need to do anything
// else, we need to check if there are any frogs at the previous stage
if (frog !== 'c') {
// if there are no frogs at the previous stage, then this is not a valid croak sequence
if (frogs[frog - 1] === 0) {
return -1;
}

// otherwise, there is a frog at the previous stage, so we decrement the number of frogs at that stage
frogs[frog - 1]--;
}

// increment the number of frogs at the current stage
frogs[frog]++;

// if the current frog is croaking 'k', then we increment the total number of frogs
if (frog === 'k') {
totalFrogs++;
}
}

// if there are any frogs remaining at any stage, then this is not a valid croak sequence
for (let key in frogs) {
if (frogs[key] > 0) {
return -1;
}
}

// otherwise, return the total number of frogs
};```
```int minNumberOfFrogs(string croakOfFrogs)
{
int c=0,r=0,o=0,a=0,k=0; //counters for each letter
int frogs=0; //current number of frogs
int maxFrogs=0; //maximum number of frogs

for(int i=0;i0) //if there are any k's
{
k--; //decrement k counter
frogs--; //one frog has croaked so decrement
}
else //otherwise
{
frogs++; //increment frog counter
if(frogs>maxFrogs) //if current frog counter is greater than max
maxFrogs=frogs; //set max to current frog counter
}
}
else if(croakOfFrogs[i]=='r') //if letter is r
r++; //increment r counter
else if(croakOfFrogs[i]=='o') //if letter is o
o++; //increment o counter
else if(croakOfFrogs[i]=='a') //if letter is a
a++; //increment a counter
else if(croakOfFrogs[i]=='k') //if letter is k
k++; //increment k counter

if(cpublic int MinNumberOfFrogs(string croakOfFrogs) {
int frogs = 0;
int maxFrogs = 0;
int c = 0;
int r = 0;
int o = 0;
int a = 0;
int k = 0;

foreach(char ch in croakOfFrogs)
{
switch(ch)
{
case 'c':
c++;
frogs++;
if(frogs > maxFrogs)
maxFrogs = frogs;
break;
case 'r':
if(c == 0)
return -1;
c--;
r++;
break;
case 'o':
if(r == 0)
return -1;
r--;
o++;
break;
case 'a':
if(o == 0)
return -1;
o--;
a++;
break;
case 'k':
if(a == 0)
return -1;
a--;
k++;
frogs--;
break;
}
}

if(c == 0 && r == 0 && o == 0 && a == 0 && k == 0)
return maxFrogs;
else
return -1;
}```
Scroll to Top
[gravityforms id="5" description="false" titla="false" ajax="true"]