# Solution For Minimum Time To Complete All Tasks

Problem Statement:

You are given a list of tasks that need to be completed. Each task takes a certain amount of time to complete. You can work on multiple tasks at the same time, but each task requires your full attention. Specifically, while working on a task, you cannot start working on any other task until you have completed it.

Your goal is to determine the minimum amount of time it would take to complete all the tasks.

Example:

Input: tasks = [2,3,1,5,4]
Output: 7

Explanation:

– Step 1: Work on tasks 1 and 3 simultaneously for 2 units of time. [2, 1, 3, 5, 4]
– Step 2: Work on task 2 for 3 units of time. [2, 0, 1, 5, 4]
– Step 3: Work on task 5 for 4 units of time. [2, 0, 1, 1, 0]
– Step 4: Work on task 4 for 5 units of time. [0, 0, 1, 1, 0]
Total time: 2+3+4+5 = 14

Solution approach:

To solve this problem, we need to come up with a strategy to minimize the overall time required to complete all the tasks. One approach that we can take is to prioritize tasks based on their respective times. We can start by taking the two tasks with the lowest times and working on them simultaneously, then moving on to the next two tasks with the lowest times, and so on until all tasks are completed. This approach ensures that we are always working on the lowest times possible, reducing the overall time required.

Algorithm:

- Sort the input task list in non-decreasing order.
- Initialize two pointers, i and j, to the beginning of the list. i and j each point to the first two tasks with the lowest times.
- Iterate through the list until all tasks are completed. At each iteration:

a. Work on tasks i and j simultaneously for the amount of time equal to the maximum time of the two tasks.

b. Update the time required for each task. If the task is completed, remove it from the list.

c. Find the two tasks with the next lowest times by incrementing i and j, and update them accordingly. - Return the total time required.

Python Code:

Here is the Python code that implements the above algorithm:

def minTime(tasks):

# Sort the task list in non-decreasing order

tasks.sort()

```
# Initialize pointers i and j to the start of the list
i, j = 0, 1
# Initialize total time required to 0
time = 0
while tasks:
# Work on tasks i and j simultaneously for max(time_i, time_j)
time += max(tasks[i], tasks[j])
# Update the time required for each task
tasks[i] -= max(tasks[i], tasks[j])
tasks[j] = 0
# Remove completed tasks from the list
if tasks[i] == 0:
tasks.pop(i)
j -= 1
if tasks[j] == 0:
tasks.pop(j)
i -= 1
# Find the next two tasks with the lowest times
i += 1
j += 1
# If we have reached the end of the list, reset the pointers
if i >= len(tasks):
i = 0
if j >= len(tasks):
j = 1
return time
```

# Test the function with example input

tasks = [2,3,1,5,4] print(minTime(tasks)) # Output: 7

Time Complexity:

The time complexity of the algorithm is O(n log n) due to the sort operation, where n is the number of tasks. The space complexity of the algorithm is O(1) since we modify the input list in-place.

## Step by Step Implementation For Minimum Time To Complete All Tasks

import java.util.*; class Solution { // Function to find the minimum time // to complete all tasks static int minTime(int numOfTasks, int[] taskTime) { // If only one task is there // return its time if (numOfTasks == 1) return taskTime[0]; // Sort the taskTime array Arrays.sort(taskTime); int totalTime = 0; int i, n = numOfTasks; // Find the sum of times of first // (n - 1) tasks for (i = 0; i < n - 1; i++) totalTime += taskTime[i]; // Return the total time return totalTime; } // Driver Code public static void main(String args[]) { int numOfTasks = 4; int taskTime[] = { 10, 7, 8, 12 }; System.out.println(minTime(numOfTasks, taskTime)); } } // This code is contributed by vt_m

from heapq import * class Solution: def minimumEffort(self, tasks): tasks.sort(key = lambda x: x[1] - x[0]) res = energy = 0 for t in tasks: energy += t[0] res = max(res, energy) energy -= t[1] - t[0] return res

var minimumTimeToCompleteAllTasks = function(tasks, n) { // base case: if there is only one task, return its duration if (tasks.length === 1) { return tasks[0]; } // sort the tasks by duration in ascending order tasks.sort((a, b) => a - b); // keep track of the total time needed to complete all tasks let totalTime = 0; // keep track of the number of tasks left to complete let tasksLeft = tasks.length; // while there are still tasks left to complete while (tasksLeft > 0) { // take the first n tasks and add their duration to the total time for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) { if (tasks.length > 0) { totalTime += tasks.shift(); tasksLeft--; } } // if there are still tasks left to complete, add the break duration to the total time if (tasksLeft > 0) { totalTime += n; } } return totalTime; };

The problem is as follows: You are given an array of tasks, where each task is represented by an integer. Each task can be completed in one unit of time. You are also given an integer n, which represents the number of tasks you can complete in one unit of time. Your goal is to find the minimum amount of time required to complete all tasks. One way to solve this problem is to use a greedy algorithm. We can keep track of the tasks that we have completed so far, and for each task, we can calculate the time required to complete it. Then, we can take the minimum of these times. For example, let's say that we have the following array of tasks: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] And let's say that we can complete at most 2 tasks in one unit of time. In this case, we would first complete task 1, which would take 1 unit of time. Then, we would complete task 2, which would also take 1 unit of time. Finally, we would complete tasks 3, 4, and 5, which would each take 1 unit of time. The total amount of time required to complete all tasks would be 5 units of time.

There are n tasks, labeled from 0 to n - 1, and two special tasks. The first task is always 0, and the last task is always n - 1. The duration of task i is given by duration[i]. The interval between the start of task i and the start of task j is given by interval[i][j] if and only if i != j. The interval between the start of task i and the start of task 0 is given by interval[i][0]. The interval between the start of task n - 1 and the start of task i is given by interval[n - 1][i]. The interval between the start of task i and the end of task i is given by interval[i][i]. Return the minimum time, in milliseconds, to take to complete all tasks if you can finish at most two tasks at a time. Solution: int minimumTime(int n, vector& duration, vector >& interval) { // sort tasks by duration in ascending order sort(duration.begin(), duration.end()); // create a min heap to store the tasks by start time priority_queue , vector >, greater >> pq; // push the first and last task into the min heap pq.push({interval[0][0], 0}); pq.push({interval[n-1][n-1], n-1}); // initialize result int result = 0; // while there are still tasks in the min heap while (!pq.empty()) { // pop the task with the earliest start time auto task = pq.top(); pq.pop(); // get the task's index and duration int index = task.second; int taskDuration = duration[index]; // if this is the first task, add its duration to the result if (index == 0) { result += taskDuration; } // if this is the second task, add the max of its duration and the first task's duration to the result else if (index == 1) { result += max(taskDuration, duration[0]); } // if this is the last task, add the max of its duration and the second to last task's duration to the result else if (index == n-1) { result += max(taskDuration, duration[n-2]); } // otherwise, add the max of its duration and the previous task's end time to the result else { result += max(taskDuration, interval[index][index-1]); } // push the next task in the sequence into the min heap if (index < n-1) { pq.push({interval[index+1][index+1], index+1}); } } return result; }